Existing South Africa Standpipe Design Guidelines

The most recent set of South African design guidelines for rural water-supply systems are those published by the South African Department of Water Affairs and Forestry in 2004 (DWAF 2004), which offer only a few points pertaining specifically to standpipe design: Standpipes should be a maximum walking distance of 200 m from the home. A…

Types of water meters

Displacement water meters This type of water meter is most often used in residential and small commercial applications and homes. Displacement meters are commonly referred to as Positive Displacement, or “PD” meters. Two common types are oscillating piston meters and nutating disk meters. Either method relies on the water to physically displace the moving measuring…